Morelia Spilota Spilota ' Diamond Python'

Carpet pythons are a medium sized but slender bodied species of python found throughout the
mainland of Australia, as well as Indonesia and Papa New Guinea depending on the particular
subspecies. All species of carpet pythons are considered semi-arboreal, and often scale trees in search of birds, small mammals, and other reptiles. As with many other snakes, they are beneficial to humans in that they control rodent populations. It is said that carpet pythons derive their name from their often colorful and highly intricate patterning and coloration, which is said to resemble Oriental and Asian carpets.Morelia Spilota Spilota - diamond Python

Diamond Python (Morelia spilota spilota):
A medium to large subspecies occurring in Southeastern Australia, ranging from four to seven feet (48-84”). This beautiful species is yellowish brown, to olive-yellow in color with pale yellow to tan spots forming intricate „diamond” patterns hence its common name. Irian Jaya

Temperament and Handling
Most carpet pythons, like many species of snake, are often initially nippy and defensive as hatchlings or juveniles. They may musk and defecate, or attempt to bite to what they perceive as a potential threat (you handling them). This however, should not discourage or mislead a prospective carpet python keeper to abandon the thought of obtaining one or into believing that carpets are not or cannot be traceable animals. With patience and gentle handling, many will become quite traceable and inquisitive animals as adults and can be worked with more easily. It should be kept in mind however that even a supposedly docile snake may bite or react defensively if suddenly startled or frightened or when food is detected (resulting in a feeding response bite).

Enclosure/Housing
The enclosure you choose must be secure to prevent the escape of the inhabitant and provide
adequate ventilation. Hatchling to juvenile carpet pythons can be maintained in a 15-20 gallon long glass terrarium with a secure screen top. Larger numbers of hatchling to juvenile carpet pythons can be kept in commercially available rack systems consisting of appropriately sized plastic shoe box sized containers with holes melted or punched in for ventilation. These containers are made by Iris, Rubbermaid, and Sterilite. Rack systems are usually heated with Flexwatt heat tape either installed along the back wall of the rack as back heat or on the rear half of the floor of each slot as belly heat, and should be monitored with a quality thermostat.
Adult Carpet pythons are best maintained in any of the commercially available plastic, wooden, melamine, or PVC enclosures with front opening sliding or hinged acrylic or glass doors. These types of enclosures provide increased security for snakes within them and space can be better utilized with them as they are stackable. Temperature and humidity is also relatively easy to control within these enclosures, and most are available with built in lighting and heating elements. Given the fact that carpet pythons are a semi arboreal species, a sturdily mounted, horizontal branch or shelf within the enclosure (some manufacturers offer this) for perching will often be utilized, but is not an absolute necessity. An enclosure that is 48” X 24” is suitable for most females, although males are usually smaller than females and can be housed in 36” by 24” enclosures. Carpets will also benefit from a little extra cage height as well. For breeding purposes, however, adult carpet pythons can also be kept in commercially available rack systems consisting of appropriate sized sweater to blanket box sized or larger containers (72 quarts) such as those provided by ARS and Freedom Breeder Caging. These rack systems are able to accommodate medium to large boas and pythons.A hide-box for allowing the snake to retreat from view is recommended as part of a terrarium setup as well. Besides commercially available hide boxes, you could modify many things to serve as a hide box. They can include opaque plastic storage container, plastic litter pans for cats, and inverted flowerpots for example. A water dish should also be provided within the enclosure and be changed at least once weekly or sooner if fouled. The dish should be heavy enough so that it isn't easily tipped over (plastic or ceramic crock dishes work well). It should also be cleaned and disinfected periodically.

Temperature and Heating

As with all reptiles, carpet pythons are ectothermic animals, meaning it is important to provide them with an external heat source and thermal gradient for proper digestion and gestation. There should be a warm side and a cooler side to the enclosure. To create the warm side, you can use an under tank heater (UTH), Flexwatt heat tape, or a radiant heat panel on one half of the enclosure. Many commercially available plastic and PVC enclosures and racks come with their own heating elements. The warm side should remain around 87-90 degrees Fahrenheit. It is also important to disallow any snake to come into direct contact with any heating element, as thermal burns can result, and can sometimes be severe, requiring professional veterinary attention. Additional lighting other than the room's can improve the enclosure's aesthetics and visibility within, but is not required for most species of snakes. If you want additional lighting, mounting a fluorescent light on the ceiling of the enclosure and setting it on a timer to create a photoperiod is always an option for you.

Morelia Spilota Spilota - diamond PythonSubstrate
The substrate is the enclosure's bedding. Newspaper, commercially available cage liner material, cypress mulch, or coconut husk fibers are all acceptable substrates to use for carpet pythons. Avoid pine and cedar shavings, as these substrates are toxic to snakes. The substrate should be kept dry and be spot cleaned when needed to reduce the likelihood of bacterial outbreaks. A complete substrate change and replacement should be done periodically as well, with that interval depending on the substrate being used.

Feeding and Diet
As with all boas and pythons, carpet pythons are non venomous constrictors. They are opportunistic feeders in their native range, and will feed on a variety of small to medium sized rodents and other mammals, birds, and occasionally reptiles such as lizards. Young carpet pythons should be started off weekly on one to two rat pinkies, with the size of the prey item increased accordingly as the snake grows. A general rule of thumb to follow is to offer prey items that are no larger than the widest point of the snake. The reason why rats are suggested as feeders is that adult carpet pythons that have been raised initially on mice as hatchlings/juveniles may be difficult to transition over to rats. An adult carpet python accustomed to only taking mice would need to be fed greater quantities of mice, since mice are a smaller prey item than rats, thus making the animal more costly and impractical to maintain. At the same time, It is important to remember not to overfeed any snake, since obesity and compromised health of the snake can result over time.